Search

User login

Proper Usage Of Adjectives

Rule 1

In comparing two things, the comparative degree should be used ; for more than two, superlative degree should be used.

For Example :

Incorrect :          He is the best of the two brothers.
Correct   :          He is better of the two brothers.

Incorrect :          Among the three friends, Rahim is better.
Correct   :          Among the three friends, Rahim is the best.

Rule 2

The use of double comparatives and superlatives should be avoided.

For Example :

Incorrect :          Ram is more smarter than shyam.
Correct   :          Ram is smarter than Shyam.

Incorrect :          Julius Caesar was stabbed by Brutus, which was the most unkindest cut of all.
Correct   :          Julius Caesar was stabbed by Brutus, which was the unkindest cut of all.

Rule 3

When a comparative is followed by than, just any or all should not be used, other should be added to these.

For Example :

Incorrect :          He is cruder than any man living..
Correct   :          He is cruder than any other man living.

Incorrect :          Birbal was wiser than any man living.
Correct   :          Birbal was wiser than any other man living.

Rule 4

When the superlative degree is used, then other is avoided.

For Example :

Incorrect :          Birbal was the wisest of all other courtiers.
Correct   :          Birbal was the wisest of all courtiers.

Rule 5

After the use of comparative like superior, inferior, prefer, preferable, junior, senior, posterior, anterior, prior, to should be used instead of than.

For Example :

Incorrect :          As a batsman, Jayasurya is superior than Tendulkar.
Correct   :          As a batsman, Jayasurya is superior to Tendulkar.

Incorrect :          Milk is preferable than tea
Correct   :          Milk is preferable to tea.

Incorrect :          The earth shook prior than the thunderstorm.
Correct   :          The earth shook prior to the thunderstorm.

Note Greater than or smaller than are often used incorrectly. Study the following examples carefully:

For Example :

Incorrect :          The area of U.P. is greater than Bihar
Correct   :          The area of U.P. is greater than that of Bihar.

Incorrect :          The population of India is smaller than China
Correct   :          The population of India is smaller than that of China.

Rule 6

Some adjectives like perfect, universal, unique, chief, complete, entire, full etc. are considered to be superlative, so they do not take any comparatives. 

For Example :

Incorrect :          This is the most unique feature of the car.
Correct   :          This is the unique feature of the car.

Incorrect :          This belief is most universally accepted.
Correct   :          This belief is universally accepted.

Rule 7

Few and a Few, Little and a little have different meanings.

Few and Little are negative, meaning : not many or hardly any.

A Few and A little are positive, meaning : some (though not much).

For Example :

I have lost little money in the stock exchange. (hardly any)

I have lost a little money in the stock exchange (some) Both the sentences have different meanings.

Similarly

Few people believed what you said

A few people believed what you said

have different meanings.

But "Little knowledge is a dangerous thing" is incorrect. It should be "A little knowledge is a dangerous thing".

Rule 8                

Less is used for quantity, and fewer in case of numbers. 

For Example :

Incorrect :          No less than twenty politicians have corruption cases registered against them.
Correct   :          No fewer than twenty politicians have corruption cases registered against them.

Incorrect :          We buy no fewer than three crates of cold drinks.
Correct   :          We buy no less than three crates of cold drinks.

Rule 9         

Older and oldest may be used for persons and things, but elder and eldest are used only for persons, and that too usually of the same family. 

For Example :

Incorrect :          My oldest sister is still unmarried.
Correct   :          My eldest sister is still unmarried.

Incorrect :          Ram is elder than Shyam
Correct   :          Ram is older than Shyam.

Rule 10

Any is used in negative sentences and some is used in affirmative sentences ; both any and some can be used in interrogative sentences.  

For Example :

Incorrect :          He did not give me something on my birthday.
Correct   :          He did not give me anything on my birthday.

Incorrect :          I told him to give any money to the beggar.
Correct   :          I told him to give some money to the beggar.

Rule 11

Latest and last are often incorrectly used. 

Latest is the superlative form of late meaning most recent.

Last means final, or contrasted with first.

For Example :

Incorrect :          Do you know the last score ?
Correct   :          Do you know the latest score ?

Incorrect :          He missed the latest train
Correct   :          He missed the last train. 

Get Social with enableall